Toulouse, France – A Booming Centre of European Aerospace

With a 2006 population of 437,000, Toulouse is the fourth largest city in France. Located on the Garonne River, Toulouse is midway between the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean, not far at all from the Spanish border. Toulouse is the base of the European aerospace industry, being the home of home of Airbus Industries, Galileo positioning system, and many more companies in the sector. Due to this and several other converging factors, the Toulouse metropolitan area is the fastest-growing in France.

The world-renowned Toulouse University, founded in 1229, has over 97,000 students and is another major reason for the growth and prosperity of the city. The large youth culture also contributes to the vibrant street life and energy throughout the city.

Toulouse is known as “the Pink City” for its many distinctive brick-faced buildings, and is also known for its appealing graffiti, with the painter Miss Van at the vanguard of this movement. There is of course much historic architecture to be marveled at as well, starting in the old town with the prodigious Place du Capitole, featuring the massive Town Hall, which has a wonderful opera house within. The 12 century Romanesque Basilica of St. Sernin, with its multi-arched bell tower is nearby. Another impressive structure is the Cathedral of St. Etienne, which was possibly built as early as the ninth century, with work continuing through the 13th century.

For all its historical structures and heritage, the Cité de l’espace (City of Space) is an enormous modern theme park that best represents what Toulouse is all about. This is a high-tech celebration of Toulouse’s accomplishments in aerospace and the European space program. The park includes interactive exhibits, full scale models of the rocket Ariane 5 and Mir space station, and a state-of-the-art planetarium.

There is also a thriving museum scene in Toulouse, with the Saint-Raymond Museum housing France’s largest and most notable collection of Roman sculpture, and a converted Abattoirs which is now a remarkable Museum of Modern Art, which is leading the way in the development of the river’s left bank as a modern cultural center.

Chuck has been writing and publishing articles to the web since 2001. Check out his latest website http://www.preownedgolfclubs.org, which is all about the benefits of using preowned golf clubs to enjoy the advantage of great name-brand technology for a fraction of the cost.

Best Hero Fighter Uninstaller – How to Remove All Traces of Hero Fighter?

When you scan your computer with Hero Fighter, it can find many threats in time and remove them from your computer. You may feel that is not helpful for your computer, it doesn’t matter; you could uninstall Hero Fighter with the following methods.

Method 1 Uninstall Hero Fighter with its built-in uninstaller tool

Step 1 Open Windows Start Menu, Click “All programs” and find the Hero Fighter Directory.

Step 2 Not long, it will show you a window to ask you whether you plan to use Hero Fighter in the future. If you do not want to use it any more, Choose the below one please.

Step 3 Select the removal mode and then you will uninstall Hero Fighter from your computer.

Method 2 Uninstall Hero Fighter through Windows “add/remove programs list”

You can also uninstall and remove Hero Fighter in the add/remove programs list entering from the Control Panel.

1. Close all programs.

2. Click Start, and then click Control Panel.

3. Click Add or Remove Programs.

4. In the list of currently installed programs, click Hero Fighter, and then click Remove.

5. Follow the instructions to uninstall Hero Fighter.

6. When the uninstall program is finished, restart your computer.

However, you can be failed to uninstall Hero Fighter with both these methods above, as the Hero Fighter had been improperly installed or many remnants of the installation settings and related registry entries still remain. Those connected directions may do harm to your computer if you leave them unresolved.

Computer experts can try to find out those files and remove them manually, but if the wrong registry entries have been removed, it will cause very serious problem to your computer such as crash, blue screen of death and being unbootable. So no matter you are a computer geek or a green hand in operating the computer, then you both need one uninstall tool that can completely uninstall Hero Fighter in a safer and easier way.

Method 3 Best Uninstall Tool can remove Hero Fighter completely in a minute

There is actually a fantastic removal tool that can help you remove Hero Fighter completely with great success and make sure all the now-defunct Registry entries and related files are eliminated automatically with a few clicks.

1. Free Download the Best Uninstall Tool.

2. Launch it after finishing the installation.

3. Choose the Hero Fighter or any other unwanted program.

4. Click “Uninstall” to get Hero Fighter removed

That is all about how to uninstall Hero Fighter.

Free download Best Uninstall Tool here at http://www.uninstallprogramhelp.com/ to help you fully remove any programs with great success and make sure all the now-defunct Registry entries and related files are eliminated automatically with a few clicks. Aside from this software, it can also completely remove other programs like Authentium, Norton, Trend Micro antivirus, Internet Explorer, Microsoft Office, and similar programs.

Chesley B. “sully” Sullenberger III

Could this be a GOOD omen for the future, maybe a precursor of things to come in 2009? I’m talking about the miracle on the Hudson river. How does one HUGE BIRD get taken out by several smaller birds? More to the point, how does one glide a non-gliding craft into a river without getting anyone killed? A miracle? Why not! 

As Sullenbergers’ detress calls came out the followed has been reported.

A person briefed on Sullenberger’s radio communications said the pilot considered emergency landings at two airports after his plane suffered a double bird strike, but twice told air controllers he was unable to make them. He told controllers he planned to go into the river, instead. The person spoke on condition of anonymity because of the ongoing investigation.

Air traffic controllers first gave Sullenberger directions to return to New York City’s LaGuardia Airport, but he replied, “unable.” Then he saw the Teterboro airstrip in the northern New Jersey suburbs, got clearance to go there, but then again responded, “unable.” He then said he was going into the river. It was not immediately clear when the engine broke off, but such scenarios can happen in bird strikes.

If the engine takes in a very large bird – or several birds at once – they could break several fan blades, causing an imbalance in the engine’s rotation and severe vibrations, said Kevin Poormon, who tests the ability of aircraft engines to withstand bird strikes.

Federal investigators said the left engine of the US Airways jetliner that ditched into the Hudson River was missing Friday as reports emerged that the pilot who safely landed the aircraft had considered an emergency landing at two airports. Police divers were using sonar to find the engine, which was believed to be in the water. “Once we get the flight data recorder it will give us the radar so we can figure out where the engine separated from the plane,” said NTSB spokesman Peter Knudson.

The pilot, Chesley B. “Sully” Sullenberger III, was in good spirits and showing no outward signs of stress from the ordeal, a pilots union official said. As investigators scoured the wreckage of the Airbus A320, many of the 155 people aboard recounted survivor stories and hailed the pilot as a hero who delivered them from certain death. And in a moments notice the life of Sully Sullenberger III has now been changed forever- and ever.

As a spiritual-futurist, I interpret current events in light of possible macro-universal forces at play leading up to 2012, but not limited to it.

Are You Looking For an Acne Fighter?

When you are looking for an acne fighter, you want a few things in particular. You want a product that does the job right, is cost effective, clears up acne and deters new breakouts from appearing. That may sound like a tall order. After all, if there was a product that existed that had all of these properties, no would have to deal with acne, right? Honestly, there are products that can do all of these things. You just have to look for them. Luckily, we will discuss three of those such products in this article, which should aid you when you are trying to decide which acne product is suitable for you.

7 Day Acne Detox: The 7 Day Acne Detox website states that the formula was discovered purely by chance. The CEO of the manufacturing company learned that his wife was on a diet that spanned ten days which she had learned about from The Oprah Winfrey Show. Instead of losing the promised weight, her acne cleared up. And all of this happened in only seven days. The wife of the CEO went to her family and got them to give it a go and the same thing happened to them. If you are searching for an effective and natural solution then the 7 Day Acne Detox is the perfect solution as it is herbal and is taken in pill form.

Dermatologists everywhere have approved of a product referred to as Clear Pores which is available in two seperate systems or formulas. The two systems are set up to protect the face and the body in this product. The best part about this system is that it contains an herbal supplement that treats acne from within your body. Not only will Clear Pores flush acne-causing toxins out of your body, but it will also regulate your over-active hormones, thus treating the acne at its root.

Acnezine: Acnezine is a treatment for acne made up of two separate components; a treatment cream as well as an antioxidant. The treatments work to clear up existing acne and work on preventing future acne from breaking out. Acnezine will treat surface acne effectively, but it will also kill bacteria beneath the skin that causes acne. This product is designed to wipe out blemishes and keep your skin clear of any future ones. Now you have no reason to wonder about which products will actually work. These three top acne products will help you rid your life of acne forever, and you only need to choose one. You also won’t face the prospect of wandering into your pharmacy and wasting money on useless products ever again. And you won’t be spending money on trips to a dermatologist for answers. You just need to pick a product from the ones mentioned here to solve your acne issues and you’ll be able to proudly show your face to the world once more.

Clean the green way with a handheld steam cleaner. Say good bye to cleaning with products full of chemicals. Instead, clean with all natural steam generated by a hand held steam cleaner.

Biometric Door Locks – The Ultimate in Home Door Locks

Among various types of keyless door locks for homes, biometric door locks are the ultimate door locks in the biometrics era. You get home security, convenience and speed.

You just scan your enrolled finger to unlock your door. You do not need to remember a code, swipe a card or use a device as required in other keyless locks. Just be there.

Currently, biometric door locks are the best in security protection because your fingerprint cannot be copied onto a medium and then scanned to unlock your door. Biometric door locks need physical authentication to function.

Fingerprint authentication requires only a few simple steps. You scan your finger so the sensor can capture your fingerprint image, extract a certain part of the image and then store it in a data file. This would be your identification template when you want to unlock your door.

Here are some biometric door locks that you can examine as you look for door locks to buy.

BioAxxis Biometric Deadbolt Lock

This deadbolt lock, which is available at fingerprintdoorlocks.com, is made of solid steel deadbolt, has a protective sliding cover for the scanner and can enroll 30 unique fingerprints. It has a low battery alert and will not delete stored fingerprint images even if the power expires. For your peace of mind, it has a mechanical key override.

Shepherd DL210 All-in-One Fingerprint Lock

This lock, which is also available at fingerprintdoorlocks.com, incorporates an upgraded fingerprint recognition scanner and an improved matching algorithm for fingerprint verification. It can enroll 50 unique fingerprints, has a sliding protective cover, a manual key mechanism for emergency and has adjustable backsets. It is also interchangeable with standard deadbolt locksets and handsets.

Thumblock Pincode and Biometric Door Lock

This lock from Axxis Biometrics offers both fingerprint and pincode access options and a USB-based audit mechanism. It can register 1,000 unique fingerprints and uses a USB to enroll lock permissions. With the USB, you can download all entry and exit usage from the lock, which is able to store thousands of records. This type is good for townhomes, condos, rental properties and other buildings with a lot of users and residents. You can examine this lock further at brickhousesecurity.com.

There are many other types of biometric door locks that will fit the doors you like to secure, such as your garage or patio doors. There are even types that feature remote control, automatic locking and digital tracking systems. Just make sure the locks are made by reputable lock manufacturers and that they pass ANSI standards.

For more information about Biometric Door Locks, please visit http://www.thesecuritydoorlocks.com/biometricdoorlocks.php

Heavy Maintenance Checks

Heavy maintenance checks and landing gear repair.

a. The landing gear on aircraft may be fixed or retractable.

b. Retractable gear on aircraft is usually operated with hydraulic or electric power, although some models of light general aviation aircraft have manual retract systems operated by a lever in the cockpit.

(1) In addition to the normal operating system, emergency systems are usually provided to ensure that the landing gear can be lowered in case of main-system failure.

(2) Emergency systems consist of backup hydraulic systems, or stored nitrogen aas bottles that can be directed into actuating cylinders, mechanical systems that can be operated manually, or free-fall gravity systems.

Wear points, such as landing gear up-and-down latches, jack-screws, door hinges, pulleys, cables, bellcranks, and all pressure-type grease fittings, should be lubricated after every cleaning operation.

To prevent possible failure of a component due to incompatibility or breakdown of the grease, the following should be observed:

1. Use only greases approved for use by the product manufacturer.

2. Never mix different kinds of grease without approval from the product manufacturer.

3. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions or FAA approved process for cleaning, purging, and lubricating of the component.

To obtain proper lubrication of the main support bushings, it may be necessary to jack the aircraft.

Those companies with approval for Boeing heavy maintenance are concerned with retractable landing gear and thorough inspection of the landing gear is part and parcel of heavy maintenance checks. This involves the entire structure of the gear, including attachments, struts, wheels, brakes, actuating mechanisms for retractable gears, gear hydraulic system and valves, gear doors, and all associated parts. The manufacturer’s inspection procedures should be followed where applicable.

It is recommended that only easily removable neutral solutions be used when cleaning landing gear components. Any advantage, such as speed or effectiveness, gained by using cleaners containing corrosive materials, can be quickly counteracted if these materials become trapped in close-fitting surfaces and crevices.

NOTE: Any time the aircraft is on aircraft jacks, check the landing gear main support bushings for wear. Consult the aircraft manufacturer’s overhaul manual for specific wear tolerances.

During winter operation, excess grease may congeal and cause increased loads on the gear retraction system, electric motors, and hydraulic pumps. This condition can lead to component malfunctions; therefore, it is recommended that cleanliness be stressed during and after lubrication.

Fixed landing gear should be examined regularly for wear, deterioration, corrosion, alignment, and other factors that may cause failure or unsatisfactory operation. During a 100-hour or annual inspection of the fixed gear, the aircraft should be jacked up to relieve the aircraft weight. The gear struts and wheels should be checked for abnormal play and corrected.

Narrow bodied aircraft maintenance

a. Old aircraft landing gear that employs a rubber shock (bungee) cord for shock absorption must be inspected for age, fraying of the braided sheath, narrowing (necking) of the cord, and wear at points of contact with the structure and stretch. If the age of the shock cord is near 5 years or more, it is advisable to replace it with a new cord. A cord that shows other defects should be replaced, regardless of age.

b. The cord is color-coded to indicate when it was manufactured and to determine the life of the shock cord. According to MIL-C-5651A, the color code for the year of manufacture is repeated in cycles of 5 years.

c. The color coding is composed of threads interwoven in the cotton sheath that holds the strands of rubber cord together. Two spiral threads are used for the year coding and one thread is used for the quarter of the year sheath, e.g. yellow and blue would indicate that the cord was manufactured in 1994 during April, May, or June.

d. Shock struts of the spring-oleo type should be examined for leakage, smoothness of operation, looseness between the moving parts, and play at the attaching points. The extension of the struts should be checked to make sure that the springs are not worn or broken. The piston section of the strut should be free of nicks, cuts, and rust.

e. Air-oil struts should undergo an inspection similar to that recommended for spring-oleo struts. In addition, the extension of the strut should be checked to see that it conforms to the distance specified by the manufacturer. If an air-oil strut “bottoms”, that is, it is collapsed-the gas charge and hydraulic fluid has been lost from the air chamber. This is probably due to a loose or defective air valve or to defective o-ring seals.

CAUTION: Before an air-oil strut is removed or disassembled, the air valve should be opened to make sure that all air pressure is removed. Severe injury and/or damage can occur as the result of disassembling a strut when even a small amount of air pressure is still in the air chamber.

f. The method for checking the fluid level of an air-oil strut is given in the manufacturer’s maintenance manual. An alternate means of servicing an oil strut is to jack up the aircraft, remove the strut’s valve cap, release the air charge in the strut by depressing the valve core, remove the strut’s valve core, attach a clean two-foot rubber or plastic hose to the threaded portion that houses the valve core, and secure with a hose clamp. Put the other end of the hose into a clean two quart container filled with the correct hydraulic fluid for the strut. Cover the container with a clean rag to prevent spillage. Now, slowly raise the gear/strut assembly either manually or with another jack under the strut. This will drive the remaining air out of the strut into the container of hydraulic fluid. Once the gear is fully retracted, slowly lower the gear. The hydraulic fluid in the can will be sucked into the strut. Repeat this procedure until you cannot hear any more air bubbles in the container when the wheel strut is fully retracted. With the strut fully retracted, remove the hose, insert the valve core, lower the gear, and service the strut with nitrogen to get the proper strut extension.

g. The entire structure of the landing gear should be closely examined for cracks, nicks, cuts, corrosion damage, or any other condition that can cause stress concentrations and eventual failure. The exposed lower end of the air-oleo piston is especially susceptible to damage and corrosion, which can lead to seal damage, because the strut is compressed and the piston moves past the strut lower seal, causing the seal to leak fluid and air. Small nicks or cuts can be filed and burnished to a smooth contour, eliminating the point of stress concentration. If a crack is found in a landing gear member, the part must be replaced.

h. All bolts and fittings should be checked for security and condition. Bolts in the torque links and shimmy damper tend to wear and become loose due to the operational loads placed on them. The nose-wheel shimmy damper should be checked for proper operation and any evidence of leaking. All required servicing should be performed in accordance with the aircraft service manual.

Inspection of retractable landing gear

Inspection of the retractable landing gear should include all applicable items mentioned in the inspection for the fixed gear. In addition, the actuating mechanisms must be inspected for wear looseness in any joint, trunnion, or bearings; leakage of fluid from any hydraulic lines or units; and, smoothness of operation. The operational check is performed by jacking the aircraft according to the manufacturer’s instructions and then operating the gear retracting and extending system.

Landing-gear doors should be checked. Improper adjustment of sequence valves may cause doors to rub against gear structures or wheels. The manufacturer’s checklist should be followed to ensure that critical items are checked. While the aircraft is still on jacks, the gear can be tested for looseness of mounting points, play in torque links, condition of the inner strut cylinder, play in wheel bearings, and play in actuating linkages. Emergency blow down gear bottles should be inspected for damage and corrosion and weighed to see if the bottle is still retaining the charge.

Mechanics should be aware that retread tyres can be dimensionally bigger than a “new” tyre. While this does not pose a problem on fixed landing gear aircraft, it may present a serious problem when installed on retractable landing gear aircraft. It is strongly recommended that if a retread tyre is installed on a retractable landing gear aircraft, a retraction test be performed. With the gear in the up-and-lock position, the mechanic should determine that if the tyre expands due to high ambient temperature, heat generated from taxi and take-off, repeated landings, or heavy braking, the tyre will not expand to the point that it becomes wedged in the wheel well.

The proper operation of the antiretraction system should be checked in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions. Where safety switches are actuated by the torque links, the actual time of switch closing or opening can be checked by removing all air from the strut and then collapsing the strut. In every case, the adjustment should be such that the gear control cannot be placed in the UP position or that the system cannot operate until the shock strut is at the full extended position.

During the operational test, the smoothness of operation, effectiveness of up-and-down locks, operation of the warning horn, operation of indicating systems, and clearance of tyres in wheel wells should all be checked.

Emergency landing gear systems.

Exercise emergency landing gear systems periodically to ensure proper operation and to prevent inactivity, dirt, and corrosion from rendering the system inoperative when needed. Most emergency systems employ either mechanical, pressure-bottle, or free-fall extension capabilities. Check for the proper safeties on triggering mechanisms, and for the presence of required placards, and necessary accessories such as cranks, levers, handles, etc. Emergency blowdown bottles should be checked for corrosion damage, and then weighed to see if the bottle is still retaining the charge.

aviation-database.com is a great help to anyone operating within the industry. “Buying from” or “selling to” aerospace companies, you can put contact emails straight into your address book in Outlook Express, you can compile a list of addresses in a print basket, you can use hotlinks to bounce straight onto other aerospace company websites. ATC Lasham aircraft maintenance is an article provided to aviation-database by a specialist company in the field of aircraft heavy maintenance, who also hold EASA 147 training approval. They provide the article in recognition of the website’s value to the industry as a means of targeting advertising.

How Do Post Three A3 + Business Jet Printing Jiemi

Lead: manufacturers guidance prices originally to avoid the dealers compete with each other keep the prices down, reducing service levels have been made. Although nominally called “guidance”, with almost real “national retail price maintenance” would mean. However, while a “monolithic” market guidance prices, while a variety of price reduction offers bargain gifts. Today almost all Office Product set and guided the actual price should be lower than the manufacturer, and the magnitude of the staggering, guidance prices for consumers in fact did not have guidance. So we ask: what price is really “upset” guidance prices how much credibility do we really need factory guided price it?

Manufacturers guidance prices, also known as media prices are dealers in the mass media or through other means known to the public prices. Sometimes producers will do in the media directly Advertisement Published prices, so the offer price is also known as the media. In general, dealers will be obtaining from the manufacturer Proxy Price, agent distribution price is lower than the price. Transaction, if appropriate none other dealers to customers, so actual transaction prices generally are lower than the media. That customers can order a product of the media than the lowest purchase price of the commodity. Dealer’s none other space agency price and transaction price depends on the difference between the size, of course, dealers Sell Strategy and so on.

Why is factory set and guided meaningless

The current highly competitive office products market dealers do not cut prices simply are no longer marketable products, can be said to have been ineffective guidance prices of manufacturers, or meaningful to the. Businesses often use various means to bypass the “guidance prices” restrictions, such as playing a modest short-term preferential promotions; buy Printer Send supplies, service delivery, and even buy one get so. But consumers like or directly from the most advanced on the receive discount. Therefore, the dealer is sufficiently complex machine promotions, most likely to end consumers “compromise” straight back into cash, that price cut.

factories where the real meaning of guidance prices

Although the manufacturers guidance prices “guiding” role has been weakened, but it does not mean that manufacturers guidance pricing does not make sense. Manufacturers guidance prices as a benchmark, in regulating the market, to prevent confusion over the price terms or played a certain role, at this point should be fully affirmed. From long-term stable development of the domestic office market, starting point of view, a reasonable guide price stability is necessary, who do not want to buy the printer as to buy Chinese cabbage as a place for a price, so even doubling the price reduction. I believe that the reasons for failure led to the current guidance prices, not the fault of the guidance prices, but producers did not set a reasonable price, and guidance prices set unreasonable factors such as market research did not do a good job, product positioning is not user groups clearly so.

Canon iX4000 listed gradual decline for many years

Canon PIXMAiX series have both high-speed and high quality and unique style, coupled with outstanding technology, sophisticated technology, it is much loved by consumers. Teng color PIXMAiX4000 as early as April 2006 on the market a high-end A3 + color inkjet printer, beat the market over the years, had guided price 2280 yuan manufacturer Canon iX4000 has “fallen” to the point where now 1,500 yuan, but Throughout the course of the past few years the price cuts seem to show a progressively decreasing trend, unlike certain to play a gimmick-based product, the listed price of a high, but worth out of too quick to the paint.

IX4000 Canon inkjet printer Print speed and print quality from print head technology determinants, Canon Teng-color printer with FINE print head PIXMAiX4000 technology, high-density print head, ordered as many as 1,600 precision nozzles, high speed and high-quality printing become a reality. Not only that, iX4000 with 4-motor system, saving time switch motor, to ensure that the printer can feed a continuous high speed printing, superior performance.

Canon iX4000 Inkjet Printer As A3 + business inkjet color printers, Canon color PIXMAiX4000 Teng impressive not only in speed, print quality and delicate as a photo printer is not even worse. In addition to 4 “* 6″, A4, and A3 size, but also to support the maximum A3 + (13 “× 19″) The Borderless photo printing. Set the front fuselage Digital Cameras Connection interface, compatible with PictBridge protocol, only USB cable-compatible digital camera and the printer is connected, it can easily print out the maximum A3 + (13 “× 19″) size borderless photos, printing digital age experience the fun.

Canon iX4000 inkjet printers More details

Canon Teng color PIXMAiX4000 application of new paint formulations PGI-5 black ink, and further enhance the print. Even if the color black and white mixed Composition of print, the text is very sharp edges, so that each is more beautiful and excellent business reporting; new color dye ink formulation, not only the true rich color reproduction, with the original Canon photo paper, it can lead to print lasting color photos of the product support PictBridge protocol, you can connect a digital camera directly to print, easy to use.

Editor Comments: Proton Canon Canon Color PIXMAiX4000 jet printing With excellent craftsmanship and good shape design gives a feeling of confidence, coupled with A3 + format printing capabilities, allowing users ease of use. The market price of the beginning of 2280 yuan has now dropped to 1,500 yuan, while the performance is absolutely not behind, I believe will bring you the perfect print experience.

Canon iX4000 A3 + inkjet printer

[Price]: 1500 yuan

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Military Reform – Modernizing Military Education

I have some opinions on the topic of Army General Officers education and selection. I am interested in how we improve the capability of Army colleges to support life long learning in our student officers (and faculty). I argue that our college should be as flexible as the organizations we are telling these officers they will have to create and lead when they leave our building.

Marshall fired a ton of old guys prior to WW2 who were optimized for their peacetime positions based on their experiences and the nature of the pre-war environment. The discontinuity that was WW2, in Marshall’s judgment, required a bold shift in selection criteria for GO. It’s a young man’s game? But is there a substitute for the years of practical experience and intuition honed by the career paths of GOs prior to their promotion? Doesn’t the top leader have to go through all those formative experiences to develop the skill sets required for the thorniest problems? Perhaps, if you believe that we are looking for leadership to be contained within a single node inside the network organization.

But if you believe we are in a world of complex adaptive systems, filled with wicked problems, then the probability goes to zero you can have anticipated all the requirements the GO leader must have in place prior to the challenge emerging. You would tend to prefer selection systems that reward the kind of attitude toward learning and developing that Jim Greer describes above, where ideal GOs candidates have a record of modelling the lifestyle of life long learning and building organizations. Particularly if you believe that the solutions for or management of wicked problems are to be found in quickly framing problems and assembling the right team from the network of resources to satisfy the challenge.

In that kind of organization you would expect to see officer students inside Army schools taking on more responsibility for their own education, particularly those attending colleges that aim for graduate level education and seeking to leverage the insights and potential of soldiers fresh from the cauldron. You would expect to see a broad diversity of topics, approaches, methods and reflections, a flexibility towards learning that models the kinds of open and inquiring attitudes we say the future battlefield will require. You would expect risk to be taken within schools, rather than say, an approach of standardized curriculum, methods and assessments that aim to certify performance against an established, seductively time-tested checklist.

within CGSC, for example: do we “give students voice” to shape their personal learning environment? Are our students speaking their minds or are they waiting for permission to speak? If they aren’t speaking is it because they are certain about the probable outcome of their feedback? How much authority do they have to steer their own learning course? We see stats from student feedback in curriculum meetings but there are no students present when we make crucial decisions, and our curriculum meetings are not assessed on quality and performance like we do for every lesson, block, and graded student product. Are students satisfied with the payoff of giving feedback for themselves? Or is it really indirect, weak “feed forward”?

Are our classrooms and learning environments truly a network of learning organizations or are we a set of isolated, compartmentalized homogenized standard parts designed to teach the same things in generally the same way against a single consensus view of what’s required for the next 10 years of service?

If you’d argue that we can’t teach everything the officers will need to know in the next 10 years I’d agree, and then ask if we are helping jointly create the environment that promotes lifelong learning, providing the infrastructure to support it through reachback and the ability to adapt quickly to emerging educational requirements in whatever scope and size is required for the next surprise, rather than trying to get the curriculum “correct and stable, once and for all”.

The Romans had tribunes of the people to directly represent the people, with real authority to act in real time on their behalf. Do our officers have an equivalent voice to take on real responsibility for their education?

Could our college routinely solicit the educational needs of our newly arriving officers in August, do a needs assessment and create curriculum for learning inquiries that satisfied most of the expressed “needs to know” within 3 months? We couldn’t if you believed that each new piece of curriculum would have to be exhaustively researched, vetted and synthesized and approved for mass consumption before the first day of class, and we couldn’t if you thought every new piece of curriculum must meet the standard of “every MAJ for the next 10 years needs to know”. And yet that’s the kind of organizational flexibility and adaptability we are asking them to develop in their units upon graduation. College, teach thyself?

Chapters 25 and 27 of “The Future of the Army Profession” (2nd ed) are scholarly treatments of these issues

Ken Long, Chief of Research, Tortoise Capital Management
finance: http://www.tortoisecapital.com
essays: http://kansasreflections.wordpress.com

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Assessing Responsibility After An Aviation Accident

The aviation accident statistics available from the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) reveal that private carrier accidents are more frequent than commercial ones. What exactly are private aviation accidents? These are mishaps involving private aircrafts, corporate aircrafts, gliders and such others.

If you, or a loved one, are a victim of such an incident, the first thing to do is seek proper medical treatment. The point one often misses out at such a traumatic time is to get legal aid as well. It is quite common at such times of distress and confusion.

Why do you need an aviation attorney? The aim is to secure your as well as your survivors present and future financial condition. Many have no idea how these two are interconnected. The injuries incurred in an aviation accident are, in most cases, of a serious nature. In such a situation, the medical costs can be huge. Moreover, if the victim has dependants, the accident jeopardizes their financial state as well.

The responsible party needs to provide damage recovery for the accident. You need to file a lawsuit for this. The question is how do you know whom to sue? A private aviation accident may be the result of negligence on the part of different parties, including the pilot, the owner/operator, the manufacturer, the mechanic, et al.

The question remains who to sue? Without adequate investigation of the accident, it is impossible to assess responsibility. You need the help of aviation attorneys to employ a team of investigators, forensic experts, re-constructionists, analysts and staff to determine the cause of the accident and the party at fault.

(Note: It is a good idea to appoint an attorney working in your state, as he/she would know whether your state laws adhere to rules like joint and several liabilities, comparative and contributory negligence, and the like.)

Apart from initiating investigation and accumulating evidence, your aviation attorney has other tasks too. He/she requires assessing damage and calculating the compensation amount. Keep in mind that this is a civil lawsuit, and your aim is to get adequate compensation for the damages, not penalizing the at fault party.

In a private aviation accident case, the victim can sue for damages like medical costs (past, present and future), lost work benefits, expenses incurred for things like domestic help, childcare, etc. Punitive damages, i.e. pain and suffering, are also part of the claim. After the investigation and assessment, your attorney can start negotiating the compensation settlement with the responsible party, or with their insurance adjuster.

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James Blatt, a contributor to legal journals, offers helpful tips on the right approach to legal issues, like private aviation accidents. If you are looking for consultation with competent Aviation Attorneys, she suggests you to visit http://www.lawspgh.com.

Aviation Career Preparation and Course Options

Preparation for a career in aviation can be done by completing an accredited educational training program. Students can find the school, college, or degree program that is right for them and begin learning about the opportunities available. Aviation education programs are designed to provide the training and preparation that is needed to enter into a successful career. There are a variety of career and training options to choose from allowing students to obtain the training and career they desire.

*Degree Options

There are numerous opportunities available to those looking to receive an accredited education in aviation. Students can enroll in a school or college that offers this type of training to prepare for the career they dream of. Choices include earning an accredited certificate, or associate, bachelor, or master level degree. Training at the various levels will require different amounts of time be spent on educational training. Certificate programs can last up to one year. Associate degrees can take two years and prepare students for a four year bachelor degree program. Master degree programs will typically require an additional two years of accredited study to complete. Students can start by pursuing the level of education that is needed for their desired career.

*Coursework

Different schools and colleges will offer various coursework that relates to the career and level of education that is being pursued. Students can look forward to studying topics that will teach them about flying, engineering, dispatching, maintenance, and more. Coursework will vary but may consist of subjects such as aeronautical science, physics, aerodynamics, atmosphere and weather, fuel systems, and much more. Other studies that may be necessary can include hands on learning in areas like emergency procedures, mechanics, flight principles, and more. Once an accredited education has been received in this field they will be ready to enter into the workforce and seek the employment that they desire.

*Career Possibilities

By obtaining a higher education in aviation, students will be prepared to enter into the profession they desire. Opportunities exist in a variety of areas allowing them to select the specialization that is right for them. Options include pursuing a career as an aircraft dispatcher, aircraft mechanic, pilot, avionic technician, and many other careers. Enrollment in an accredited school or college will help to prepare students for work in communications, government, manufacturing, and much more. Educational training programs will help students to learn electronic systems, transportation, navigation, and more depending on the career they wish to enter.

Accredited aviation schools and colleges are able to offer students the best quality education available to them. There are a variety of agencies that are approved to accredited qualifying educational training programs. The Council on Aviation Accreditation is one of these agencies that can fully accredit schools and colleges that meet all requirements. Students can research programs to find one that meets their need and request more information to begin the path to a new career. By enrolling today you can be on your way to the future you deserve and desire.

 

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Renata McGee is a staff writer for PETAP.org. Locate the Best Aviation Schools as well as other Accredited Vocational School Programs at PETAP.org, your Partners in Education and Tuition Assistance Programs.